TACCL: Guiding Collective Algorithm Synthesis using Communication Sketches

Authors: 

Aashaka Shah, University of Texas at Austin; Vijay Chidambaram, University of Texas at Austin and VMware Research; Meghan Cowan, Saeed Maleki, Madan Musuvathi, Todd Mytkowicz, Jacob Nelson, and Olli Saarikivi, Microsoft Research; Rachee Singh, Microsoft and Cornell University

Abstract: 

Machine learning models are increasingly being trained across multiple GPUs and servers. In this setting, data is transferred between GPUs using communication collectives such as ALLTOALL and ALLREDUCE, which can become a significant bottleneck in training large models. Thus, it is important to use efficient algorithms for collective communication. We develop TACCL, a tool that enables algorithm designers to guide a synthesizer into automatically generating algorithms for a given hardware configuration and communication collective. TACCL uses a novel communication sketch abstraction to get crucial information from the designer to significantly reduce the search space and guide the synthesizer towards better algorithms. TACCL also uses a novel encoding of the problem that allows it to scale beyond single-node topologies. We use TACCL to synthesize algorithms for three collectives and two hardware topologies: DGX-2 and NDv2. We demonstrate that the algorithms synthesized by TACCL outperform the Nvidia Collective Communication Library (NCCL) by up to 6.7x. We also show that TACCL can speed up end-to-end training of Transformer-XL and BERT models by 11%–2.3x for different batch sizes.

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