Expanding across time to deliver bandwidth efficiency and low latency

Authors: 

William M. Mellette, Rajdeep Das, Yibo Guo, Rob McGuinness, Alex C. Snoeren, and George Porter, University of California San Diego

Abstract: 

Datacenters need networks that support both low-latency and high-bandwidth packet delivery to meet the stringent requirements of modern applications. We present Opera, a dynamic network that delivers latency-sensitive traffic quickly by relying on multi-hop forwarding in the same way as expander-graph-based approaches, but provides near-optimal bandwidth for bulk flows through direct forwarding over time-varying source-to-destination circuits. Unlike prior approaches, Opera requires no separate electrical network and no active circuit scheduling. The key to Opera's design is the rapid and deterministic reconfiguration of the network, piece-by-piece, such that at any moment in time the network implements an expander graph, yet, integrated across time, the network provides bandwidth-efficient single-hop paths between all racks. We show that Opera supports low-latency traffic with flow completion times comparable to cost-equivalent static topologies, while delivering up to 4x the bandwidth for all-to-all traffic and supporting up to 60% higher load for published datacenter workloads.

NSDI '20 Open Access Sponsored by NetApp

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BibTeX
@inproceedings {246486,
author = {William M. Mellette and Rajdeep Das and Yibo Guo and Rob McGuinness and Alex C. Snoeren and George Porter},
title = {Expanding across time to deliver bandwidth efficiency and low latency},
booktitle = {17th {USENIX} Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation ({NSDI} 20)},
year = {2020},
isbn = {978-1-939133-13-7},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
pages = {1--18},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/nsdi20/presentation/mellette},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
month = feb,
}

Presentation Video