Salsify: Low-Latency Network Video through Tighter Integration between a Video Codec and a Transport Protocol

Authors: 

Sadjad Fouladi, John Emmons, and Emre Orbay, Stanford University; Catherine Wu, Saratoga High School; Riad S. Wahby and Keith Winstein, Stanford University

Abstract: 

Salsify is a new architecture for real-time Internet video that tightly integrates a video codec and a network transport protocol, allowing it to respond quickly to changing network conditions and avoid provoking packet drops and queueing delays. To do this, Salsify optimizes the compressed length and transmission time of each frame, based on a current estimate of the network’s capacity; in contrast, existing systems generally control longer-term metrics like frame rate or bit rate. Salsify’s per-frame optimization strategy relies on a purely functional video codec, which Salsify uses to explore alternative encodings of each frame at different quality levels.

We developed a testbed for evaluating real-time video systems end-to-end with reproducible video content and network conditions. Salsify achieves lower video delay and, over variable network paths, higher visual quality than five existing systems: FaceTime, Hangouts, Skype, and WebRTC’s reference implementation with and without scalable video coding.

NSDI '18 Open Access Videos Sponsored by
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)

Open Access Media

USENIX is committed to Open Access to the research presented at our events. Papers and proceedings are freely available to everyone once the event begins. Any video, audio, and/or slides that are posted after the event are also free and open to everyone. Support USENIX and our commitment to Open Access.

BibTeX
@inproceedings {211251,
author = {Sadjad Fouladi and John Emmons and Emre Orbay and Catherine Wu and Riad S. Wahby and Keith Winstein},
title = {Salsify: Low-Latency Network Video through Tighter Integration between a Video Codec and a Transport Protocol},
booktitle = {15th {USENIX} Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation ({NSDI} 18)},
year = {2018},
isbn = {978-1-931971-43-0},
address = {Renton, WA},
pages = {267--282},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/nsdi18/presentation/fouladi},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
}