Improving Flash Storage Performance by Caching Address Mapping Table in Host Memory

Authors: 

Wookhan Jeong, Hyunsoo Cho, Yongmyung Lee, Jaegyu Lee, Songho Yoon, Jooyoung Hwang, and Donggi Lee, S/W Development Team, Memory Business, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

Abstract: 

NAND flash memory based storage devices use Flash Translation Layer (FTL) to translate logical addresses of I/O requests to corresponding flash memory addresses. Mobile storage devices typically have RAM with constrained size, thus lack in memory to keep the whole mapping table. Therefore, mapping tables are partially retrieved from NAND flash on demand, causing random-read performance degradation.

In order to improve random read performance, we propose HPB (Host Performance Booster) which uses host system memory as a cache for FTL mapping table. By using HPB, FTL data can be read from host memory faster than from NAND flash memory. We define transactional protocols between host device driver and storage device to manage the host side mapping cache. We implement HPB on Galaxy S7 smartphone with UFS device. HPB is shown to have a performance improvement of 58 - 67% for random read workload.

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BibTeX
@inproceedings {203390,
author = {Wookhan Jeong and Hyunsoo Cho and Yongmyung Lee and Jaegyu Lee and Songho Yoon and Jooyoung Hwang and Donggi Lee},
title = {Improving Flash Storage Performance by Caching Address Mapping Table in Host Memory},
booktitle = {9th {USENIX} Workshop on Hot Topics in Storage and File Systems (HotStorage 17)},
year = {2017},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/hotstorage17/program/presentation/jeong},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
month = jul,
}