HopsFS: Scaling Hierarchical File System Metadata Using NewSQL Databases


Salman Niazi, Mahmoud Ismail, Seif Haridi, and Jim Dowling, KTH Royal Institute of Technology; Steffen Grohsschmiedt, Spotify AB; Mikael Ronström, Oracle

Note: Due to technical difficulties, there is no audio of this talk.


Recent improvements in both the performance and scalability of shared-nothing, transactional, in-memory NewSQL databases have reopened the research question of whether distributed metadata for hierarchical file systems can be managed using commodity databases. In this paper, we introduce HopsFS, a next generation distribution of the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) that replaces HDFS’ single node in-memory metadata service, with a distributed metadata service built on a NewSQL database. By removing the metadata bottleneck, HopsFS enables an order of magnitude larger and higher throughput clusters compared to HDFS. Metadata capacity has been increased to at least 37 times HDFS’ capacity, and in experiments based on a workload trace from Spotify, we show that HopsFS supports 16 to 37 times the throughput of Apache HDFS. HopsFS also has lower latency for many concurrent clients, and no downtime during failover. Finally, as metadata is now stored in a commodity database, it can be safely extended and easily exported to external systems for online analysis and free-text search.

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@inproceedings {202263,
author = {Salman Niazi and Mahmoud Ismail and Seif Haridi and Jim Dowling and Steffen Grohsschmiedt and Mikael Ronstr{\"o}m},
title = {HopsFS: Scaling Hierarchical File System Metadata Using NewSQL Databases},
booktitle = {15th {USENIX} Conference on File and Storage Technologies ({FAST} 17)},
year = {2017},
isbn = {978-1-931971-36-2},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
pages = {89--104},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/fast17/technical-sessions/presentation/niazi},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},