USENIX 2004 Annual Technical Conference, General Track Abstract
Pp. 5972 of the Proceedings
Redundancy Elimination Within Large Collections of Files
Purushottam Kulkarni, University of Massachusetts; Fred Douglis, Jason LaVoie, and John M. Tracey, IBM T.J. Watson
Ongoing advancements in technology lead to ever-increasing storage capacities.
In spite of this, optimizing storage usage can still provide rich dividends.
Several techniques based on delta-encoding
and duplicate block suppression have been shown to reduce storage
overheads, with varying requirements for resources such
as computation and memory.
We propose a new scheme for storage reduction that
reduces data sizes with an effectiveness comparable to the more
expensive techniques, but at a cost comparable to the faster but less
The scheme, called Redundancy Elimination at the Block Level (REBL),
leverages the benefits of compression,
duplicate block suppression, and delta-encoding to eliminate a broad
spectrum of redundant data in a scalable and efficient manner.
REBL generally encodes more compactly than compression (up to a
factor of 14) and
a combination of compression and duplicate suppression (up to a factor
REBL also encodes similarly to a technique based on delta-encoding,
reducing overall space significantly in one case.
Furthermore, REBL uses super-fingerprints, a technique that reduces
the data needed to identify similar blocks while dramatically reducing
computational requirements of matching the blocks: it turns O(n2)
comparisons into hash table lookups.
As a result, using super-fingerprints to avoid
enumerating matching data objects decreases computation in the
resemblance detection phase of REBL by up to a couple orders of magnitude.
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