Optimizing Recurrent Pulsing Attacks using Application-Layer Amplification of Open DNS Resolvers

Authors: 

Jonas Bushart, CISPA, Saarland University

Abstract: 

Shrew attacks or pulsing attacks are low-bandwidth network-level/layer-3 denial-of-service attacks. They target TCP connections by selectively inducing packet loss to affect latency and throughput. We combine the recently presented DNS CNAME-chaining attack with temporal lensing, a variant of pulsing attacks, to create a new, harder to block attack. For an attack, thousands of DNS resolvers have to be coordinated. We devise an optimization problem to find the perfect attack and solve it by using a genetic algorithm. The results show pulses created with our attack are 14 times higher than the attacker's average bandwidth. Finally, we present countermeasures applicable to pulsing and CNAME-chaining, which also apply to this attack.

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BibTeX
@inproceedings {220572,
author = {Jonas Bushart},
title = {Optimizing Recurrent Pulsing Attacks using Application-Layer Amplification of Open {DNS} Resolvers},
booktitle = {12th {USENIX} Workshop on Offensive Technologies ({WOOT} 18)},
year = {2018},
address = {Baltimore, MD},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/woot18/presentation/bushart},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
}