Inductive Graph Unlearning


Cheng-Long Wang, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and SDAIA-KAUST Center of Excellence in Data Science and Artificial Intelligence; Mengdi Huai, Iowa State University; Di Wang, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Computational Bioscience Research Center, and SDAIA-KAUST Center of Excellence in Data Science and Artificial Intelligence


As a way to implement the "right to be forgotten" in machine learning, machine unlearning aims to completely remove the contributions and information of the samples to be deleted from a trained model without affecting the contributions of other samples. Recently, many frameworks for machine unlearning have been proposed, and most of them focus on image and text data. To extend machine unlearning to graph data, GraphEraser has been proposed. However, a critical issue is that GraphEraser is specifically designed for the transductive graph setting, where the graph is static and attributes and edges of test nodes are visible during training. It is unsuitable for the inductive setting, where the graph could be dynamic and the test graph information is invisible in advance. Such inductive capability is essential for production machine learning systems with evolving graphs like social media and transaction networks. To fill this gap, we propose the GUided InDuctivE Graph Unlearning framework (GUIDE). GUIDE consists of three components: guided graph partitioning with fairness and balance, efficient subgraph repair, and similarity-based aggregation. Empirically, we evaluate our method on several inductive benchmarks and evolving transaction graphs. Generally speaking, GUIDE can be efficiently implemented on the inductive graph learning tasks for its low graph partition cost, no matter on computation or structure information. The code is available here:

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@inproceedings {291009,
author = {Cheng-Long Wang and Mengdi Huai and Di Wang},
title = {Inductive Graph Unlearning},
booktitle = {32nd USENIX Security Symposium (USENIX Security 23)},
year = {2023},
isbn = {978-1-939133-37-3},
address = {Anaheim, CA},
pages = {3205--3222},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = aug

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