Closed-loop Network Performance Monitoring and Diagnosis with SpiderMon


Weitao Wang and Xinyu Crystal Wu, Rice University; Praveen Tammana, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad; Ang Chen and T. S. Eugene Ng, Rice University


Performance monitoring and diagnosis are essential for data centers. The emergence of programmable switches has led to the development of a slew of monitoring systems, but most of them do not explicitly target posterior diagnosis. On one hand, “query-driven” monitoring systems must be pre-configured with a static query, but it is difficult to achieve high coverage because the right query for posterior diagnosis may not be known in advance. On the other hand, “blanket” monitoring systems have high coverage as they always collect telemetry data from all switches, but they collect excessive data. SpiderMon is a system that co-designs monitoring and posterior diagnosis in a closed loop to achieve low overhead and high coverage simultaneously, by leveraging “wait-for” relations to guide its operations. We evaluate SpiderMon in both Tofino hardware and BMv2 software switches and show that SpiderMon diagnoses performance problems accurately and quickly with low overhead.

NSDI '22 Open Access Sponsored by
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)

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@inproceedings {276966,
author = {Weitao Wang and Xinyu Crystal Wu and Praveen Tammana and Ang Chen and T. S. Eugene Ng},
title = {Closed-loop Network Performance Monitoring and Diagnosis with {SpiderMon}},
booktitle = {19th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 22)},
year = {2022},
isbn = {978-1-939133-27-4},
address = {Renton, WA},
pages = {267--285},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = apr,

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