Optimizing Network Provisioning through Cooperation


Harsha Sharma, Parth Thakkar, Sagar Bharadwaj, Ranjita Bhagwan, Venkata N. Padmanabhan, Yogesh Bansal, Vijay Kumar, and Kathleen Voelbel, Microsoft


The rise of cloud-scale services has fueled a huge growth in inter-data center (DC) Wide-Area Network (WAN) traffic. As a result, cloud providers provision large amounts of WAN bandwidth at very high costs. However, the inter-DC traffic is often dominated by first-party applications, i.e., applications that are owned and operated by the same entity as the cloud provider. This creates a unique opportunity for the applications and the network to cooperate to optimize the provisioning plane, (which we term as optimizing the “provisioning plane”), since the demands placed by dominant first-party applications often define the network. Such optimization is distinct from and goes beyond past work focused on the control and data planes (e.g., traffic engineering), in that it helps optimize the provisioning of network capacity and consequently helps reduce cost.

In this paper, we show how cooperation between application and network can optimize network capacity based on knowledge of the application’s deadline coupled with network link failure statistics. Using data from a tier-1 cloud provider and a large enterprise collaboration service, we show that our techniques can potentially help provision significantly lower network capacity, with savings ranging from 30% to 45%.

NSDI '22 Open Access Sponsored by
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)

Open Access Media

USENIX is committed to Open Access to the research presented at our events. Papers and proceedings are freely available to everyone once the event begins. Any video, audio, and/or slides that are posted after the event are also free and open to everyone. Support USENIX and our commitment to Open Access.

This content is available to:

@inproceedings {278354,
author = {Harsha Sharma and Parth Thakkar and Sagar Bharadwaj and Ranjita Bhagwan and Venkata N. Padmanabhan and Yogesh Bansal and Vijay Kumar and Kathleen Voelbel},
title = {Optimizing Network Provisioning through Cooperation},
booktitle = {19th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 22)},
year = {2022},
isbn = {978-1-939133-27-4},
address = {Renton, WA},
pages = {1179--1194},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/nsdi22/presentation/sharma},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = apr,

Presentation Video