Parity-Stream Separation and SLC/MLC Convertible Programming for Life Span and Performance Improvement of SSD RAIDs


Yoohyuk Lim, Jaemin Lee, Cassiano Campes, and Euiseong Seo, Sungkyunkwan University


To reduce the performance and lifespan loss caused by the partial-stripe writes in SSD RAIDs, we propose two schemes: parity-stream separation and SLC/MLC convertible programming. Parity-stream separation splits the parity block stream from the data block stream to decrease valid page copy during garbage collection. In the convertible programming scheme, the flash memory blocks that are allocated for parity data are programmed in SLC mode to reduce the wear caused by programming stress, while the other flash memory blocks are written in MLC mode as usual. Evaluation shows that our scheme decreased garbage collection overhead by up to 58% and improved lifespan by up to 54%, assuming that the MLC write stress was 3.5 times that of the SLC.

Open Access Media

USENIX is committed to Open Access to the research presented at our events. Papers and proceedings are freely available to everyone once the event begins. Any video, audio, and/or slides that are posted after the event are also free and open to everyone. Support USENIX and our commitment to Open Access.

@inproceedings {203348,
author = {Yoohyuk Lim and Jaemin Lee and Cassiano Campes and Euiseong Seo},
title = {{Parity-Stream} Separation and {SLC/MLC} Convertible Programming for Life Span and Performance Improvement of {SSD} {RAIDs}},
booktitle = {9th USENIX Workshop on Hot Topics in Storage and File Systems (HotStorage 17)},
year = {2017},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = jul