Hey, Lumi! Using Natural Language for Intent-Based Network Management


Arthur S. Jacobs, Ricardo J. Pfitscher, and Rafael H. Ribeiro, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS); Ronaldo A. Ferreira, UFMS; Lisandro Z. Granville, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS); Walter Willinger, NIKSUN, Inc.; Sanjay G. Rao, Purdue University


In this work, we ask: what would it take for, say, a campus network operator to tell the network, using natural language, to "Inspect traffic for the dorm"? How could the network instantly and correctly translate the request into low-level configuration commands and deploy them in the network to accomplish the job it was "asked" to do? We answer these questions by presenting the design and implementation of Lumi, a new system that (i) allows operators to express intents in natural language, (ii) uses machine learning and operator feedback to ensure that the translated intents conform with the operator's goals, and (iii) compiles and deploys them correctly in the network. As part of Lumi, we rely on an abstraction layer between natural language intents and network configuration commands referred to as Nile (Network Intent LanguagE). We evaluate Lumi using synthetic and real campus network policies and show that Lumi extracts entities with high precision and compiles intents in a few milliseconds. We also report on a user study where 88.5% of participants state they would rather use Lumi exclusively or in conjunction with configuration commands.

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@inproceedings {273778,
author = {Arthur S. Jacobs and Ricardo J. Pfitscher and Rafael H. Ribeiro and Ronaldo A. Ferreira and Lisandro Z. Granville and Walter Willinger and Sanjay G. Rao},
title = {Hey, Lumi! Using Natural Language for {Intent-Based} Network Management},
booktitle = {2021 USENIX Annual Technical Conference (USENIX ATC 21)},
year = {2021},
isbn = {978-1-939133-23-6},
pages = {625--639},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/atc21/presentation/jacobs},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = jul,

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