OpenExpress: Fully Hardware Automated Open Research Framework for Future Fast NVMe Devices


Myoungsoo Jung, KAIST


NVMe is widely used by diverse types of storage and non-volatile memories subsystems as a de-facto fast I/O communication interface. Industries secure their own intellectual property (IP) for high-speed NVMe controllers and explore challenges of software stack with future fast NVMe storage cards. Unfortunately, such NVMe controller IPs are often inaccessible to academia. The research community, however, requires an open-source hardware framework to build new storage stack and controllers for the fast NVMe devices.

In this work, we present OpenExpress, a fully hardware automated framework that has no software intervention to process concurrent NVMe requests while supporting scalable data submission, rich outstanding I/O command queues, and submission/completion queue management. OpenExpress is available to download and offers a maximum bandwidth of around 7GB/s without a silicon fabrication.

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@inproceedings {254392,
author = {Myoungsoo Jung},
title = {OpenExpress: Fully Hardware Automated Open Research Framework for Future Fast NVMe Devices},
booktitle = {2020 {USENIX} Annual Technical Conference ({USENIX} {ATC} 20)},
year = {2020},
isbn = {978-1-939133-14-4},
pages = {649--656},
url = {},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
month = jul,

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