Improving File System Performance of Mobile Storage Systems Using a Decoupled Defragmenter


Sangwook Shane Hahn, Seoul National University; Sungjin Lee, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology; Cheng Ji, City University of Hong Kong; Li-Pin Chang, National Chiao-Tung University; Inhyuk Yee, Seoul National University; Liang Shi, Chongqing University; Chun Jason Xue, City University of Hong Kong; Jihong Kim, Seoul National University


In this paper, we comprehensively investigate the file fragmentation problem on mobile flash storage. From our evaluation study with real Android smartphones, we observed two interesting points on file fragmentation on flash storage. First, defragmentation on mobile flash storage is essential for high I/O performance on Android smartphones because file fragmentation, which is a recurring problem (even after defragmentation), can significantly degrade I/O performance. Second, file fragmentation affects flash storage quite differently than HDDs. When files are fragmented on flash storage, the logical fragmentation and the physical fragmentation are decoupled and a performance degradation mostly comes from logical fragmentation. Motivated by our observations, we propose a novel defragger, janus defragger (janusd), which supports two defraggers, janusdL for a logical defragger and janusdP for a physical defragger. JanusdL, which takes advantage of flash storage’s internal logical to physical mapping table, supports logical defragmentation without data copies. JanusdL is very effective for most fragmented files while not sacrificing the flash lifetime. JanusdP, which is useful for physically fragmented files but requires data copies, is invoked only when absolutely necessary. By adaptively selecting janusdL and janusdP, janusd achieves the effect of full file defragmentation without reducing the flash lifetime. Our experimental results show that janusd can achieve at least the same level of I/O performance improvement as e4defrag without affecting the flash lifetime, thus making janusd an attractive defragmentation solution for mobile flash storage.

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@inproceedings {203181,
author = {Sangwook Shane Hahn and Sungjin Lee and Cheng Ji and Li-Pin Chang and Inhyuk Yee and Liang Shi and Chun Jason Xue and Jihong Kim},
title = {Improving File System Performance of Mobile Storage Systems Using a Decoupled Defragmenter},
booktitle = {2017 USENIX Annual Technical Conference (USENIX ATC 17)},
year = {2017},
isbn = {978-1-931971-38-6},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
pages = {759--771},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = jul

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