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Performance on Real Workload

The previous experiments use an artificial workload. In particular, they use a set of requested documents that fits into the server's main memory cache. As a result, these experiments only quantify the increase in performance due to the elimination of CPU overhead with IO-Lite. They do not demonstrate possible secondary performance benefits due to the increased availability of main memory that results from IO-Lite's elimination of double buffering. Increasing the amount of available memory allows a larger set of documents to be cached, thus increasing the server cache hit rate and performance. Finally, since the cache is not stressed in these experiments, possible performance benefits due to the customized file cache replacement policy used in Flash-Lite are not exposed.

To measure the overall impact of IO-Lite on the performance of a Web server under realistic workload conditions, we performed experiments where our experimental server is driven by a workload derived from server logs of an actual Web server. We use logs from Rice University's Computer Science departmental Web server. Only requests for static documents were extracted from the logs. The average request size in this trace is about 17KBytes.

Table 1: Rice Trace
  Apache Flash Flash-Lite
Requests/sec 524 617 866
Ratio 1.0 1.18 1.65

Table 1 show the relative performance in requests/sec of Flash-Lite, Flash, and Apache on the Rice CS department trace. Flash exceeds the throughput of Apache by 18% on this trace. Flash-Lite gains 65% throughput over Apache and 40% over Flash, demonstrating the effectiveness of IO-Lite under realistic workload conditions, where the set of requested documents exceeds the cache size and disk accesses occur.

next up previous
Next: WAN Effects Up: Performance Previous: CGI Programs
Peter Druschel