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Beehive: O(1) Lookup Performance for Power-Law Query Distributions in Peer-to-Peer Overlays

Venugopalan Ramasubramanian and Emin Gün Sirer
Dept. of Computer Science,
Cornell University,
Ithaca NY 14853
{ramasv, egs}


Structured peer-to-peer hash tables provide decentralization, self-organization, failure-resilience, and good worst-case lookup performance for applications, but suffer from high latencies (O(log N)) in the average case. Such high latencies prohibit them from being used in many relevant, demanding applications such as DNS. In this paper, we present a proactive replication framework that can provide constant lookup performance for common Zipf-like query distributions. This framework is based around a closed-form optimal solution that achieves O(1) lookup performance with low storage requirements, bandwidth overhead and network load. Simulations show that this replication framework can realistically achieve good latencies, outperform passive caching, and adapt efficiently to sudden changes in object popularity, also known as flash crowds. This framework provides a feasible substrate for high-performance, low-latency applications, such as peer-to-peer domain name service.

This paper was originally published in the Proceedings of the First Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation,
March 29–31, 2004, San Francisco, CA, USA

Last changed: 22 March 2004 ch
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