Check out the new USENIX Web site.

USENIX Home . About USENIX . Events . membership . Publications . Students
NSDI '04 — Abstract

Pp. 85–98 of the Proceedings

Designing a DHT for Low Latency and High Throughput

Frank Dabek, Jinyang Li, Emil Sit, James Robertson, M. Frans Kaashoek, and Robert Morris, MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory


Designing a wide-area distributed hash table (DHT) that provides high-throughput and low-latency network storage is a challenge. Existing systems have explored a range of solutions, including iterative routing, recursive routing, proximity routing and neighbor selection, erasure coding, replication, and server selection.

This paper explores the design of these techniques and their interaction in a complete system, drawing on the measured performance of a new DHT implementation and results from a simulator with an accurate Internet latency model. New techniques that resulted from this exploration include use of latency predictions based on synthetic coordinates, efficient integration of lookup routing and data fetching, and a congestion control mechanism suitable for fetching data striped over large numbers of servers.

Measurements with 425 server instances running on 150 PlanetLab and RON hosts show that the latency optimizations reduce the time required to locate and fetch data by a factor of two. The throughput optimizations result in a sustainable bulk read throughput related to the number of DHT hosts times the capacity of the slowest access link; with 150 selected PlanetLab hosts, the peak aggregate throughput over multiple clients is 12.8 megabytes per second.

  • View the full text of this paper in HTML and PDF.
    Click here if you have forgotten your password The Proceedings are published as a collective work, © 2004 by the USENIX Association. All Rights Reserved. Rights to individual papers remain with the author or the author's employer. Permission is granted for the noncommercial reproduction of the complete work for educational or research purposes. USENIX acknowledges all trademarks within this paper.

  • If you need the latest Adobe Acrobat Reader, you can download it from Adobe's site.
To become a USENIX Member, please see our Membership Information.

?Need help? Use our Contacts page.

Last changed: 17 March 2004 ch
Technical Program
NSDI '04 Home