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Beyond Availability: Towards a Deeper Understanding of Machine Failure Characteristics in Large Distributed Systems
Although many previous research efforts have investigated machine failure characteristics in distributed systems, availability research has reached a point where properties beyond these initial findings become important. In this paper, we analyze traces from three large distributed systems to answer several subtle questions regarding machine failure characteristics. Based on our findings, we derive a set of fundamental principles for designing highly available distributed systems. Using several case studies, we further show that our design principles can significantly influence the availability design choices in existing systems.