Batched Differentially Private Information Retrieval

Authors: 

Kinan Dak Albab, Brown University; Rawane Issa and Mayank Varia, Boston University; Kalman Graffi, Honda Research Institute Europe

Abstract: 

Private Information Retrieval (PIR) allows several clients to query a database held by one or more servers, such that the contents of their queries remain private. Prior PIR schemes have achieved sublinear communication and computation by leveraging computational assumptions, federating trust among many servers, relaxing security to permit differentially private leakage, refactoring effort into an offline stage to reduce online costs, or amortizing costs over a large batch of queries.

In this work, we present an efficient PIR protocol that combines all of the above techniques to achieve constant amortized communication and computation complexity in the size of the database and constant client work. We leverage differentially private leakage in order to provide better trade-offs between privacy and efficiency. Our protocol achieves speed-ups up to and exceeding 10x in practical settings compared to state of the art PIR protocols, and can scale to batches with hundreds of millions of queries on cheap commodity AWS machines. Our protocol builds upon a new secret sharing scheme that is both incremental and non-malleable, which may be of interest to a wider audience. Our protocol provides security up to abort against malicious adversaries that can corrupt all but one party.

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BibTeX
@inproceedings {281400,
author = {Kinan Dak Albab and Rawane Issa and Mayank Varia and Kalman Graffi},
title = {Batched Differentially Private Information Retrieval},
booktitle = {31st USENIX Security Symposium (USENIX Security 22)},
year = {2022},
isbn = {978-1-939133-31-1},
address = {Boston, MA},
pages = {3327--3344},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/usenixsecurity22/presentation/albab},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = aug,
}

Presentation Video