CLKSCREW: Exposing the Perils of Security-Oblivious Energy Management

Authors: 

Adrian Tang, Simha Sethumadhavan, and Salvatore Stolfo, Columbia University
Distinguished Paper Award Winner!

Abstract: 

The need for power- and energy-efficient computing has resulted in aggressive cooperative hardware-software energy management mechanisms on modern commodity devices. Most systems today, for example, allow software to control the frequency and voltage of the underlying hardware at a very fine granularity to extend battery life. Despite their benefits, these software-exposed energy management mechanisms pose grave security implications that have not been studied before.

In this work, we present the CLKSCREW attack, a new class of fault attacks that exploit the security-obliviousness of energy management mechanisms to break security. A novel benefit for the attackers is that these fault attacks become more accessible since they can now be conducted without the need for physical access to the devices or fault injection equipment. We demonstrate CLKSCREW on commodity ARM/Android devices. We show that a malicious kernel driver (1) can extract secret cryptographic keys from Trustzone, and (2) can escalate its privileges by loading self-signed code into Trustzone. As the first work to show the security ramifications of energy management mechanisms, we urge the community to re-examine these security-oblivious designs.

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BibTeX
@inproceedings {203864,
author = {Adrian Tang and Simha Sethumadhavan and Salvatore Stolfo},
title = {{CLKSCREW}: Exposing the Perils of Security-Oblivious Energy Management},
booktitle = {26th {USENIX} Security Symposium ({USENIX} Security 17)},
year = {2017},
isbn = {978-1-931971-40-9},
address = {Vancouver, BC},
pages = {1057--1074},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/usenixsecurity17/technical-sessions/presentation/tang},
publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
}