Hairpin: Rethinking Packet Loss Recovery in Edge-based Interactive Video Streaming


Zili Meng, Tsinghua University, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and Tencent; Xiao Kong and Jing Chen, Tsinghua University and Tencent; Bo Wang and Mingwei Xu, Tsinghua University; Rui Han and Honghao Liu, Tencent; Venkat Arun, UT Austin; Hongxin Hu, University at Buffalo, SUNY; Xue Wei, Tencent


Interactive streaming requires minimizing stuttering events (or deadline misses for video frames) to ensure seamless interaction between users and applications. However, existing packet loss recovery mechanisms uniformly optimize redundancy for initial transmission and retransmission, which still could not satisfy the delay requirements of interactive streaming, but also introduces considerable bandwidth costs. Our insight is that in edge-based interactive streaming, differentiating retransmissions on redundancy settings can often achieve a low bandwidth cost and a low deadline miss rate simultaneously. In this paper, we propose Hairpin, a new packet loss recovery mechanism for edge-based interactive streaming. Hairpin finds the optimal combination of data packets, retransmissions, and redundant packets over multiple rounds of transmissions, which significantly reduces the bandwidth cost while ensuring the end-to-end latency requirement. Experiments with production deployments demonstrate that Hairpin can simultaneously reduce the bandwidth cost by 40% and the deadline miss rate by 32% on average in the wild against state-of-the-art solutions.

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@inproceedings {295569,
author = {Zili Meng and Xiao Kong and Jing Chen and Bo Wang and Mingwei Xu and Rui Han and Honghao Liu and Venkat Arun and Hongxin Hu and Xue Wei},
title = {Hairpin: Rethinking Packet Loss Recovery in Edge-based Interactive Video Streaming},
booktitle = {21st USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 24)},
year = {2024},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = apr
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