Tiresias: A GPU Cluster Manager for Distributed Deep Learning


Juncheng Gu, Mosharaf Chowdhury, and Kang G. Shin, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Yibo Zhu, Microsoft and Bytedance; Myeongjae Jeon, Microsoft and UNIST; Junjie Qian, Microsoft; Hongqiang Liu, Alibaba; Chuanxiong Guo, Bytedance


Deep learning (DL) training jobs bring some unique challenges to existing cluster managers, such as unpredictable training times, an all-or-nothing execution model, and inflexibility in GPU sharing. Our analysis of a large GPU cluster in production shows that existing big data schedulers cause long queueing delays and low overall performance.

We present Tiresias, a GPU cluster manager tailored for distributed DL training jobs, which efficiently schedules and places DL jobs to reduce their job completion times (JCTs). Given that a DL job’s execution time is often unpredictable, we propose two scheduling algorithms – Discretized Two-Dimensional Gittins index relies on partial information and Discretized Two-Dimensional LAS is information-agnostic – that aim to minimize the average JCT. Additionally, we describe when the consolidated placement constraint can be relaxed, and present a placement algorithm to leverage these observations without any user input. Experiments on the Michigan ConFlux cluster with 60 P100 GPUs and large-scale trace-driven simulations show that Tiresias improves the average JCT by up to 5.5× over an Apache YARN-based resource manager used in production. More importantly, Tiresias’s performance is comparable to that of solutions assuming perfect knowledge.

NSDI '19 Open Access Sponsored by NetApp

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@inproceedings {227623,
author = {Juncheng Gu and Mosharaf Chowdhury and Kang G. Shin and Yibo Zhu and Myeongjae Jeon and Junjie Qian and Hongqiang Liu and Chuanxiong Guo},
title = {Tiresias: A {GPU} Cluster Manager for Distributed Deep Learning},
booktitle = {16th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 19)},
year = {2019},
isbn = {978-1-931971-49-2},
address = {Boston, MA},
pages = {485--500},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = feb

Presentation Video