Citron: Distributed Range Lock Management with One-sided RDMA


Jian Gao, Youyou Lu, Minhui Xie, Qing Wang, and Jiwu Shu, Tsinghua University


Range lock enables concurrent accesses to disjoint parts of a shared storage. However, existing range lock managers rely on centralized CPU resources to process lock requests, which results in server-side CPU bottleneck and suboptimal performance when placed in a distributed scenario.

We propose Citron, an RDMA-enabled distributed range lock manager that bypasses server-side CPUs by using only one-sided RDMA in range lock acquisition and release paths. Citron manages range locks with a static data structure called segment tree, which effectively accommodates dynamically located and sized ranges but only requires limited and nearly constant synchronization costs from the clients. Citron can also scale up itself in microseconds to adapt to a shared storage of a growing size at runtime. Evaluation shows that under various workloads, Citron delivers up to 3.05× throughput and 76.4% lower tail latency than CPU-based approaches.

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This content is available to:

@inproceedings {285736,
author = {Jian Gao and Youyou Lu and Minhui Xie and Qing Wang and Jiwu Shu},
title = {Citron: Distributed Range Lock Management with One-sided {RDMA}},
booktitle = {21st USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST 23)},
year = {2023},
isbn = {978-1-939133-32-8},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
pages = {297--314},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = feb

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