DEPART: Replica Decoupling for Distributed Key-Value Storage


Qiang Zhang and Yongkun Li, University of Science and Technology of China; Patrick P. C. Lee, The Chinese University of Hong Kong; Yinlong Xu, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of High Performance Computing, University of Science and Technology of China; Si Wu, University of Science and Technology of China


Modern distributed key-value (KV) stores adopt replication for fault tolerance by distributing replicas of KV pairs across nodes. However, existing distributed KV stores often manage all replicas in the same index structure, thereby leading to significant I/O costs beyond the replication redundancy. We propose a notion called replica decoupling, which decouples the storage management of the primary and redundant copies of replicas, so as to not only mitigate the I/O costs in indexing, but also provide tunable performance. In particular, we design a novel two-layer log that enables tunable ordering for the redundant copies to achieve balanced read/write performance. We implement a distributed KV store prototype, DEPART, atop Cassandra. Experiments show that DEPART outperforms Cassandra in all performance aspects under various consistency levels and parameter settings. Specifically, under the eventual consistency setting, DEPART achieves up to 1.43x, 2.43x, 2.68x, and 1.44x throughput for writes, reads, scans, and updates, respectively.

Open Access Media

USENIX is committed to Open Access to the research presented at our events. Papers and proceedings are freely available to everyone once the event begins. Any video, audio, and/or slides that are posted after the event are also free and open to everyone. Support USENIX and our commitment to Open Access.

@inproceedings {277834,
author = {Qiang Zhang and Yongkun Li and Patrick P.C. Lee and Yinlong Xu and Si Wu},
title = {{DEPART}: Replica Decoupling for Distributed {Key-Value} Storage},
booktitle = {20th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST 22)},
year = {2022},
isbn = {978-1-939133-26-7},
address = {Santa Clara, CA},
pages = {397--412},
url = {},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = feb

Presentation Video