Overcoming the Memory Wall with CXL-Enabled SSDs


Shao-Peng Yang, Syracuse University; Minjae Kim, DGIST; Sanghyun Nam, Soongsil University; Juhyung Park, DGIST; Jin-yong Choi and Eyee Hyun Nam, FADU Inc.; Eunji Lee, Soongsil University; Sungjin Lee, DGIST; Bryan S. Kim, Syracuse University


This paper investigates the feasibility of using inexpensive flash memory on new interconnect technologies such as CXL (Compute Express Link) to overcome the memory wall. We explore the design space of a CXL-enabled flash device and show that techniques such as caching and prefetching can help mitigate the concerns regarding flash memory’s performance and lifetime. We demonstrate using real-world application traces that these techniques enable the CXL device to have an estimated lifetime of at least 3.1 years and serve 68–91% of the memory requests under a microsecond. We analyze the limitations of existing techniques and suggest system-level changes to achieve a DRAM-level performance using flash.

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@inproceedings {288786,
author = {Shao-Peng Yang and Minjae Kim and Sanghyun Nam and Juhyung Park and Jin-yong Choi and Eyee Hyun Nam and Eunji Lee and Sungjin Lee and Bryan S. Kim},
title = {Overcoming the Memory Wall with {CXL-Enabled} {SSDs}},
booktitle = {2023 USENIX Annual Technical Conference (USENIX ATC 23)},
year = {2023},
isbn = {978-1-939133-35-9},
address = {Boston, MA},
pages = {601--617},
url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/atc23/presentation/yang-shao-peng},
publisher = {USENIX Association},
month = jul

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