Previous: Data stored on disk.
Hummingbird lacks a directory structure and all meta-data consistency
dependencies are contained within clusters. There is no need for an analog
of the UNIX fsck utility to ensure file system consistency after
During a planned shutdown, Hummingbird will write the file-to-cluster mappings
to disk. (They are also written periodically.)
During a crash, the system has no such luxury.
So, while the file system is guaranteed to be consistent with itself,
the lack of directories might make it impossible to locate files on disk
immediately after a crash if the file-to-cluster mapping was not up to date.
Hummingbird speeds up crash recovery
time with a log containing the cluster identifiers of popular
clusters. The sync_hot_clusters_daemon()
creates this log using the cluster LRU list and writes it to disk periodically.
After a crash, these clusters are scanned in first, quickly achieving a
hit rate close to that before the crash.