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USENIX 2003 Annual Technical Conference, General Track — Abstract
Pp. 167-180 of the Proceedings

CUP: Controlled Update Propagation in Peer-to-Peer Networks

Mema Roussopoulos and Mary Baker, Stanford University


This paper proposes CUP, a protocol for performing Controlled Update Propagation to maintain caches of metadata in peer-to-peer networks. To moderate propagation without imposing a global policy, CUP introduces the notion of individual node investment return. CUP allows each node to determine when it has economic incentive to receive and to propagate updates. A node participates in propagation only when the benefit (investment return) it secures from receiving and propagating updates outweighs its cost of propagation.

We extensively evaluate the CUP protocol in maintaining caches of metadata for locating content in peer-to-peer networks. We demonstrate that propagation of updates reduces the average latency of content search queries by as much as an order of magnitude across a variety of workloads. We propose and evaluate the use of popularity-based incentives to drive a node's propagation policy. These include incentives based on probabilistic as well as history-based models of investment return. Using these policies, we show that CUP nodes recover their propagation overhead by a factor of 2 to 300, thus offering a lean but powerful protocol.

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Last changed: 7 Nov. 2003 jel
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