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OSDI '04 — Abstract

Pp. 199–214 of the Proceedings

CoDNS: Improving DNS Performance and Reliability via Cooperative Lookups

KyoungSoo Park, Vivek S. Pai, Larry Peterson, and Zhe Wang, Princeton University


The Domain Name System (DNS) is a ubiquitous part of everyday computing, translating human-friendly machine names to numeric IP addresses. Most DNS research has focused on server-side infrastructure, with the assumption that the aggressive caching and redundancy on the client side are sufficient. However, through systematic monitoring, we find that client-side DNS failures are widespread and frequent, degrading DNS performance and reliability.

We introduce CoDNS, a lightweight, cooperative DNS lookup service that can be independently and incrementally deployed to augment existing nameservers. It uses a locality and proximity-aware design to distribute DNS requests, and achieves low-latency, low-overhead name resolution, even in the presence of local DNS nameserver delay/failure. Using live traffic, we show that CoDNS reduces average lookup latency by 27-82%, greatly reduces slow lookups, and improves DNS availability by an additional '9'. We also show that a widely-deployed service using CoDNS gains increased capacity, higher reliability, and faster start times.

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