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Technical Sessions

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Monday, January 28, 2002
9:00 am—10:30 am
Photo of Morris Keynote
Storage: From Atoms to People

Robert Morris, Director of the IBM Almaden Research Center

The most important invention ever in data storage is the hard disk drive. What will become of it in the future, and what might eventually replace it? And the disk drive constitutes just a small fraction of the cost of the storage system, so how will the storage system evolve? Further, the storage system constitutes just a small fraction of the cost, in human terms, of managing storage. Will these observations continue to be true, and what current research and industry trends might change the situation?

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10:30 am—11:00 am   Break
11:00 am—12:30 pm
Secure Storage
Session Chair: David Nagle, Carnegie Mellon University

Strong Security for Network-Attached Storage
Ethan Miller and Darrell Long, University of California, Santa Cruz; William Freeman, TRW; and Benjamin Reed, IBM Research

A Framework for Evaluating Storage System Security
Erik Riedel, Mahesh Kallahalla, and Ram Swaminathan, Hewlett-Packard Labs

Enabling the Archival Storage of Signed Documents
Petros Maniatis and Mary Baker, Stanford University

12:30 pm—2:00 pm   Lunch On Your Own
2:00 pm—3:30 pm
Performance and Modeling
Session Chair: Randal Burns, IBM Research

WOLF--A Novel Reordering Write Buffer to Boost the Performance of Log-Structured File System
Jun Wang and Yiming Hu, University of Cincinnati

Storage-Aware Caching: Revisiting Caching for Heterogeneous Storage Systems
Brian C. Forney, Andrea C. Arpaci-Dusseau, and Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau, University of Wisconsin

Timing-accurate Storage Emulation
John Linwood Griffin, Jiri Schindler, Steven W. Schlosser, John C. Bucy, and Gregory R. Ganger, Carnegie Mellon University

3:30 pm—4:00 pm   Break
4:00 pm—5:30 pm
Handling Disaster
Session Chair: Ethan Miller, University of California, Santa Cruz

Awarded Best Paper!
Venti: A New Approach to Archival Data Storage
Sean Quinlan and Sean Dorward, Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies

Myriad: Cost-effective Disaster Tolerance
Fay Chang, Minwen Ji, Shun-Tak Leung, John MacCormick, Sharon Perl, and Li Zhang, Compaq SRC

SnapMirror: File-System-Based Asynchronous Mirroring for Disaster Recovery
R. Hugo Patterson, Stephen Manley, Mike Federwisch, Dave Hitz, Steve Kleiman, and Shane Owara, Network Appliance

6:00 pm—8:00 pm   Conference Reception
8:00 pm—10:00 pm
Work-in-Progress Reports   Read the submitted papers now!
Session Chair: Scott Brandt, University of California, Santa Cruz

Short, pithy, and fun, Work-in-Progress Reports introduce interesting new or on-going work, and the audience provides valuable discussion and feedback. A schedule of presentations will be posted at the conference. Accepted papers will be presented on the FAST web page, and may be included in a CDROM conference proceedings. Submissions should describe original work and should be limited to 2,000 words. To submit a work-in-progress paper, please send it to the work-in-progress coordinator at no later than Dec. 14, 2001.

Tuesday, January 29, 2002
9:00 am—10:30 am
Photo of Patterson Keynote
Availability and Maintainability >> Performance: New Focus for a New Century

David Patterson, University of California, Berkeley

In computers, the cost of ownership runs five times the cost of the hardware. After 15 years of successfully improving performance, it's time for a change of emphasis. We present studies of why things fail and why they cost so much to maintain. Looking to civil engineers and diplomats for inspiration, we sketch a research agenda and principles for "Recovery-Oriented Computing" and demonstrate how to benchmark availability.

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10:30 am—11:00 am   Break
11:00 am—12:30 pm
Wide-area Storage
Session Chair: Rodney Van Meter, Nokia

Safety, Visibility, and Performance in a Wide-Area File System
Minkyong Kim, Landon Cox, and Brian Noble, University of Michigan

Obtaining High Performance for Storage Outsourcing
Wee Teck Ng, Hao Sun, Bruce Hillyer, Elizabeth Shriver, Eran Gabber, and Banu Ozden, Bell Labs

PersonalRAID: Mobile Storage for Distributed and Disconnected Computers
Sumeet Sobti, Nitin Garg, Chi Zhang, and Xiang Yu, Princeton University; Arvind Krishnamurthy, Yale University; and Randolph Wang, Princeton University

12:30 pm—2:00 pm   Conference Luncheon (Sponsored by SNIA)
2:00 pm—3:30 pm
Self-organizing Storage Systems
Session Chair: Jeff Chase, Duke University

Hippodrome: Running Circles Around Storage Administration
Eric Anderson, Michael Hobbs, Kimberly Keeton, Susan Spence, Mustafa Uysal, and Alistair Veitch, Hewlett-Packard Labs

Selecting RAID Levels for Disk Arrays
Eric Anderson, Ram Swaminathan, Alistair Veitch, Guillermo A. Alvarez, and John Wilkes, Hewlett-Packard Labs

Appia: Automatic Storage Area Network Fabric Design
Julie Ward, Hewlett-Packard Labs; Michael O'Sullivan, Stanford University; and Troy Shahoumian and John Wilkes, Hewlett-Packard Labs

3:30 pm—4:00 pm   Break
4:00 pm—5:30 pm
The Future of Storage Technology: Three Talks
Session Chair: Darrell Long, University of California, Santa Cruz

Future Magnetic Recording Technologies
Mark H. Kryder, Seagate Research

Thermal instabilities of magnetic recordings pose a limit to the areal density that can be achieved with currently popular longitudinal magnetic recording. Perpendicular recording is expected to make possible higher areal densities than the current longitudinal recording, but will likely extend the limits by an order of magnitude at most. Other technologies, such as patterned media recording and thermally assisted recording, are needed if the trend toward ever-increasing areal density and ever-decreasing cost per gigabyte is to be sustained. This talk will discuss possible avenues for continued growth in capacity and performance of magnetic disc drives.

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Non-Magnetic Data Storage: Principles, Potential, and Problems
Hans J. Coufal, IBM Research Division, Almaden Research Center

To complement and possibly replace conventional magnetic data storage, alternative data storage concepts are being explored. Examples are probe-tip-based storage schemes with atomic resolution or a variety of volumetric optical data storage such as holographic data storage. These techniques boast high storage densities, fast access times, and high data rates. Underlying principles and the status of these data storage schemes will be reviewed and the open issues will be discussed.

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Storage Bricks Have Arrived
Jim Gray, Microsoft Research

As predicted, disks have become supercomputers. They attach via IPv6, they have operating systems, and they talk Internet protocols. And at last they have killed off my nemesis: magnetic tape. We've arrived in storage paradise. The next evolutionary steps are easy to predict: they are going to climb the slippery slope from block servers to application servers. Along the way we will need to reinvent media management (RAID, backup/restore, self-monitoring file and database servers), and we will have to invent Web services. It's going to be fun.

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Wednesday, January 30, 2002
9:00 am—10:30 am
Parallel I/O
Session Chair: David Kotz, Dartmouth College

GPFS: A Shared-Disk File System for Large Computing Clusters
Frank Schmuck and Roger Haskin, IBM Almaden Research Center

Exploiting Inter-File Access Patterns Using Multi-Collective I/O
Gokhan Memik, University of California, Los Angeles; Mahmut Kandemir, Pennsylvania State University; and Alok Choudhary, Northwestern University

Aqueduct: Online Data Migration with Performance Guarantees
Chenyang Lu, University of Virginia; and Guillermo A. Alvarez and John Wilkes, Hewlett-Packard Labs

10:30 am—11:00 am   Break
11:00 am—12:30 pm
Low-level Storage Optimization
Session Chair: Peter Honeyman, CITI, University of Michigan

Awarded Best Student Paper!
Track-Aligned Extents: Matching Access Patterns to Disk Drive Characteristics
Jiri Schindler, John Linwood Griffin, Christopher R. Lumb, and Gregory R. Ganger, Carnegie Mellon University

Freeblock Scheduling Outside of Disk Firmware
Christopher R. Lumb, Jiri Schindler, and Gregory R. Ganger, Carnegie Mellon University

Configuring and Scheduling an Eager-Writing Disk Array for a Transaction Processing Workload
Chi Zhang and Xiang Yu, Princeton University; Arvind Krishnamurthy, Yale University; and Randolph Y. Wang, Princeton University

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